Jaanine Glascock
HERBS "Q - R - S"
2019 Quail Hollow Farm
5285 Highland Ridge Rd.
Berkeley Springs, WV 25411
RATTLESNAKE MASTER
Eryngium yuccifolium
HARDY PERENNIAL-ZONES 3-8
SUN
HEIGHT 2-5 FT.
NATIVE PLANT
This is an excellent accent plant for
difficult soils in arid climates. As a
native of the prairie, is well-adapted
to drought and excess sun.
medicinal properties by Native Americans. James Adair, an
18th-century Indian trader, was one of the first to document medicinal
uses of Rattlesnake Master. He recounted tales in which Indians
chewed the root, blew it on their hands, and then handled rattlesnakes
without any damage. Despite these stories, this use was not
widespread.  The root was more often used in bitter teas as an antidote
for various maladies, These included venereal disease, snakebites,
impotence, expelling worms, and to induce vomiting
ROSEMARY
Rosmarinus
TENDER PERENNIAL-ZONES 7-10
FULL SUN
Height: Under 6 inches to 8 feet. Width: 2-4
feet wide
One of the most fragrant of herbs with many
unexpected uses. A little freshly chopped
rosemary is interesting with orange sections,
appealing in dumplings, biscuits, preserves, and
has few equals for poultry stuffings.
Most notable with lamb and pork. Excellent
homemade shampoos, hair and skin rinses are
made with rosemary tea.
Attractive evergreen with needle-like leaves and
pale blue flowers.
RUE
Ruta graveolens
PERENNIAL-ZONES 5-9
SUN/PART SHADE
Height : 18 - 36 inches. Width : 24 - 36 inches
Pungent bitter leaves used sparingly in stews, salads,
sandwiches and vegetable juice. Two chewed will
quickly relieve nervous headache. In early times judges
relied on fresh sprigs of rue to repel fleas brought into
court by prisoners.
CULINARY SAGE VARIETIES
GARDEN SAGE
Salvia officinalis
HARDY PERENNIAL-ZONES 5-9
FULL SUN
Height, 30". Width, 24"
with onions for poultry stuffing and for flavoring
rich meats like pork or duck, in homemade
sausage, omelets, cheese and bean dishes. Sage tea
gargle is valuable for sore throat. Grey-green
pebbly leaves, pale blue flowers The most
commonly grown culinary variety.
BERGGARTEN SAGE
Salvia officinalis 'Berggarten'
HARDY PERENNIAL-ZONES 5-9
FULL SUN
Height: 10”–12” Width: up to 12'
Popular with onions for poultry stuffing and for flavoring
rich meats like pork or duck. Also in homemade sausage,
omelets, cheese and bean dishes. Sage tea gargle is
valuable for sore throat. Similar to Garden Sage, but with
larger grey-blue silvery leaves and robust, low habit.
PURPLE SAGE
Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'
SUN
Height, 30". Width, 24”
One of the main culinary varieties  popular with onions for
poultry stuffing and for flavoring rich meats like pork or duck.
Also in homemade sausage, omelets, cheese and bean dishes.
Sage tea gargle is valuable for sore throat. Aromatic purple
foliage. Used in stuffings, sausages, omelets, soups, stews.
Winter mulch
OTHER SAGES (SALVIAS)
“MAY NIGHT” MEADOW SAGE
Salvia sylvestris “May Night”
HARDY PERENNIAL – ZONES 4-9
SUN
15-18 IN. TALL & WIDE
May Night is an outstanding perennial with
excellent cold hardiness, vigor and tolerance to
heavy clay soils. Blooming in late spring with
a profusion of deep purple flower spikes, it
reblooms later in the
summer when deadheaded.
PINEAPPLE SAGE
TENDER PERENNIAL-ZONES 9-10
FULL SUN
Height 5 feet
The foliage has a wonderful fruity scent and
flowers over a long period. The many flower
stems carry dainty tubes of a scarlet-red color
which attracts hummingbirds. Trimming back
spent flowers encourages a repeat
performance. Use for drinks, chicken, cheese
and in jams and jellies. Grow indoors in good
light. Pinch to keep bushy.
WHITE SAGE
Salvia apiana
TENDER PERENNIAL- ZONES 7-9
SUN
Height: 4-5 feet. Width: 4-5 feet.
Important ceremonial herb used for purification much like
wormwood (Artemisia ludoviciana). Roots were used for
afterbirth to heal and to clean the womb. Leaves were
smoked, taken as a tea, or used in sweat lodges to cure
colds.
RUSSIAN SAGE “CRAZY
BLUE”
Perovskia atriplicifolia
HARDY PERENNIAL- ZONES 3-9
SUN
Height: 36 – 48”  Width: 24 - 36”
Not exactly sage, nor Russian, this native of
the Crimea, Afghanistan and Pakistan is very
versatile as an ornamental. Beautiful purple-
blue flowers dry well for arrangements.
Leaves pleasantly fragrant, with a strong
camphor scent; nice in potpourris. Excellent
beeplant.
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SALAD BURNET
Proterium sanguisorba
HARDY PERENNIAL-ZONES 5-8
SUN/PART SHADE
Height: 6-18 inches. Width: 12 inches.
Salad Burnet leaves provide a light cucumber taste in salads.
Low-growing plants, suitable for edgings on borders. Chewing
burnet leaves helps digestion. Added to facial cream, it is
thought to improve the skin. In folklore it was considered to be
of benefit in menopause
SANTOLINA
Santolina chamaecyparissus
HARDY PERENNIAL- ZONES 6-8
SUN
Height 12-18 inches. Spread 12-23 inches.
(Lavender cotton) Attractive low bushy herb with aromatic
grey-green leaves. Traditionally planted in knot gardens or
low hedges. Leaf oils are used in perfume. Hang dried
bunches in closets to repel moths. Dried flowers are used in
floral arrangements.
SCENTED GERANIUMS
Pelargonium
FULL SUN
TENDER PERENNIALS
Height: Under 6 inches to 3 feet. Width: To
2 feet wide.
Nostalgic scent plants. Leaves used in
potpourris, perfumes and for flavoring
preserves.
SEDUMS
Commonly known as stonecrops, Sedums are the most popular flowering succulents, ranging from
groundcovers to large border perennials. While even the poorest soil can nourish sedums—and poor or little
soil is actually their preferred medium—good drainage is the key to growing them. Too much moisture,
especially standing water, will do what no drought can: It will quickly kill a sedum
SNEEZEWEED
Helenium autumnale
HARDY PERENNIAL – ZONES 3-8
SUN
Height: 3-5 feet, Spread: 2-3 feet
NATIVE PLANT
Fortunately, sneezeweed is not a weed, and a
garden full of blooming
sneezeweed won’t make you sneeze. The
name sneezeweed comes from the
fact that Native Americans dried the plant’s
leaves to make snuff. Using the snuff caused
hard sneezing, which was thought to drive evil
spirits out of the head. Heleniums are a
gorgeous flower for the late summer/ early fall
garden. They are covered in dozens of 2-3"
flowers July-September and can rebloom in
October. Sneezeweed contains helenalin, a
compound that has shown significant
anti-tumor activity
GARDEN SORREL
Rumex
HARDY PERENNIAL-ZONES 4-8
SUN-PART SHADE
HEIGHT TO 2 FEET
Large, succulent, slightly acid-tasting leaves give zest to salads
and any dish which is insipid in itself. Remove flowering tops
as they appear to keep leaves tender. Sorrel is also a mild
antiseptic, kidney stimulant and blood cleanser.
SPIDERWORT
Tradescantia virginiana
HARDY PERENNIAL- hardy to zone 5.
Full sun to Full shade.
18 inch tall
NATIVE PLANT
They naturally grow along streams, so give them
plenty of water and some shade. Cherokee medicinal
uses of spiderwort leaves extracted in tea-form were
for nonspecific kidney, stomach and female ailments.
Leaves were mashed, exposing a juicy liquid, and
applied as a poultice for insect bites, a common
ailment in the Southeast. As a food, the Cherokee
parboiled young leaves and slender shoots
WINTER SAVORY
Satureja montana
HARDY PERENNIAL-ZONES 5-8
SUN/PART SHADE
Height of 12 in and a Width of 12 in
Often called the bean herb because of the compelling
character it adds to a dish whose base is peas, beans or
lentils. Also excellent in chilled vegetable juices and
meatloaf.  Strong, pungent flavor. Attractive low bush
for borders and edgings.
‘SCRAM!’ PLANT
Plectranthus
TENDER PERENNIAL
SUN/PART SHADE
A variety of coleus with a pungent odor that
deters dogs, cats, rabbits and maybe deer.  For
the last three years, it has been proven in
Europe as an effective and safe method of
keeping undesirable animals away from
vegetable gardens, flower beds, landscape
areas, sandboxes and children's play areas.  It
will not harm children or pets and is
environmentally safe.
 
AMERICAN SPIKENARD
Aralia racemose
HARDY PERENNIAL ZONES 4-8
Growing to 6ft. by 4ft.
FULL TO LIGHT SHADE
NATIVE PLANT
A small shrub with cloud-like clusters of white flowers in late
summer and clusters of berries that turn from red to deep
purple as they mature in early fall. A robust and showy woodland
plant, Spikenard is a relative of Sarsaparilla. The
flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs)
and are pollinated by Bees. American spikenard is a sweet
pungent tonic herb that is often used in modern herbalism. The
herb encourages sweating, is stimulating and detoxifying
and so is used internally in the treatment of pulmonary diseases,
asthma, rheumatism etc. Externally it is used as a
poultice in treating rheumatism and skin problems such as eczema.
A drink made from the pulverised roots is used as a
cough treatment. A poultice made from the roots and/or the fruit is
applied to sores, burns, itchy skin, ulcers, swellings etc.
STEVIA
Stevia rebaudiana
TENDER PERENNIAL-ZONES 11+
SUN
height of about 30 inches and a width
of 18 to 24 inche
s
Herbal sugar substitute! Contains stevioside,
hundreds of times sweeter than sugar but without
the calories. Leaf powder can be used
in place of sugar in drinks, baked goods, desserts,
preserves, etc. Has a pleasant flavor of its own
that never dominates or overwhelms
ST. JOHN'SWORT
Hypericum perforatum
HARDY PERENNIAL-ZONES 4-8
SUN/PART SHADE
height x width 2’ x 1'
Old remedy for insomnia, depression and bedwetting,
now touted as a suggests that the flowering tops are
effective in and healing when rubbed on painful joints and
muscles. The oil has remarkable soothing
and healing action when rubbed into painful joints and
strained muscles. Bright yellow flowers. Active
constituent is hypericin. Hypericin has known antiviral
properties and is under investigation as a possible
treatment against HIV.
ALPINE STRAWBERRY
Fragaria vesca 'Ruegen'
HARDY PERENNIAL- ZONES 5-8
SUN
Alpine Strawberries are a bit larger than the wild variety, but
still much smaller the modern hybrids.  So why grow them?  
Well, people have considered their delicate, succulent
strawberry flavor a treat worth the effort for hundreds of
years now.  While you won't get a huge crop, they do fruit
continuously throughout your growing season. Alpines don't
send out runners and so don't need careful watching
TARPAN STRAWBERRY
Fragaria x ananassa’Tarpan”
HARDY PERENNIAL- ZONES 5-8
SUN
Bright red, small to medium-sized fruit are plentiful, tasty, and
will produce from midsummer to frost. Flowers add a mild,
strawberry-like flavor if sprinkled on salads or when used as a
garnish for drinks and desserts. Produces runners.
SEMPERVIVUM (Hens & Chicks)
Sempervivum are a great option for those who want colorful succulents that are also cold hardy. They change colors
at different times of year and are generally more vibrant in winter when most plants don’t look great.
Artemis Ornamental Sage
S. argentea
BIENNIAL/PERENNIAL ZONES 5-
Textural foliage with thick, furry leaves that add a soft,
silky accent to a sunny garden. Rosettes of the broad,
silvery green leaves reach 12-18 inches tall and wide.
Easy to grow, its only requirement is well-drained soil.
Tall, pink-tinged white flower stalks appear from
second-year plants, and removing these will encourage
the plants to persist. Allowing the flowers to remain on
the plant completes this biennial's life cycle, but
resulting seed may develop into volunteers the following
spring.
LIST OF HERBS:  A  B  C  D-E-F  I-J-K-L  M-N  O-P  Q-R-S  T--Z
PHOTO SOON