Jaanine Glascock
2017 Quail Hollow Farm
5285 Highland Ridge Rd.
Berkeley Springs, WV 25411
304-258-0584
HERBS
"D - E - F"
DRAGON FRUIT CACTUS
(Night Blooming Cereus)
Hylocereus Undatus
A vine-like climbing cactus with flowers that  bloom overnight and usually wilt by the morning. They
rely on nocturnal pollinators such as bats or moths for fertilization. A second plant is needed to insure
fertilization. However, the plants can flower between three and six times in a year depending on
growing conditions. Like other cacti, if a healthy piece of the stem is broken off, it may take root in soil
and become its own plant. The dragon fruit sets 30–50 days after flowering and
can sometimes have 5-6 cycles of harvests per year. The night blooming cereus may very well seem
unruly, but it is certainly not without redeeming value. Not only does it produce a magnificent flower
and delicious fruit, but it also has important medicinal qualities. It can be a potent heart medicine.
DUSTY MILLER
Senecio cineraria
TENDER PERENNIAL- ZONES 7-11
SUN
Height: Under 6 inches to 3 feet. Width:
To 2 feet wide.
Dusty Miller is very easy to grow. Silver-white foliage is
popular for grey gardens.  The sterilized or
freshly-squeezed juice of cineraria has been used for
cataracts and conjunctivitis (pink eye) to expedite healing.
A few drops of the juice were placed into the eye several
times daily.
ECHINACEA
(CONEFLOWER)
HARDY PERENNIAL-ZONE 3-10
FULL SUN
Height: 1 to 3 feet. Width: 1-2 feet
NATIVE PLANT
Echinacea is now a household name and preparations made
from it are found in every corner pharmacy. It is truly
the queen of medicinal herbs because it not only helps the
body fight off disease by boosting the immune system, it
is one of the showiest perennial herbs in the garden.
EDELWEISS
Leontopodium alpinum
HARDY PERENNIAL-ZONES 5-9
SUN
Height: 8 in. Width 9 in.
No plant symbolizes the alpine regions of Europe quite like the edelweiss.
But edelweiss has important medicinal and cosmetic uses, and is now grown
as a cultivated crop in Europe for those purposes. Traditionally, it was used
as a tea to treat diarrhea and dysentery, and cooked in milk with honey and
butter it was used to treat respiratory problems including tuberculosis.
But in the future it is expected that the cosmetic industry will employ edelweiss to neutralize free radicals and prevent the
formation of superoxides — compounds associated with the signs of aging such as wrinkles. Due to its bioflavonoid
content, the herb also strengthens the walls of capillaries and veins and can be used to treat varicose veins, hemorrhoids,
and other vascular problems associated with aging. Has exciting commercial potential.
ELDER
Sambucus Canadensis
HARDY SMALL TREE
NATIVE PLANT
Mature Height: 6-12 Feet.
Mature Width: 6-10 Feet.
Small tree. It produces black or purple berries that are great for wildlife and jams and jellies. It has
light gray or brown bark and is arching in form.Produces attractive flowers and berries all season
long. Flattened panicles of small white flowers are produced in midsummer.This plant is a showy
ornamental ideal for the garden. The American Elderberry has a fast growth rate. It grows up to 12
feet in height and 10 feet in spread. Prefers moist soil and full sun. Native to North America.
ELECAMPANE
Inula helenium
HARDY PERENNIAL-ZONES 3-8
FULL SUN
VERY LARGE PLANT- 4 to 5 feet in height.
A striking and handsome plant. The stout erect stem grows
from 4 to 5 feet high, is very stout and the flowers are bright
yellow, in very large, terminal heads, 3 to 4 inches in
diameter, on long stalks, resembling a double sunflower.
Dried root preparations quiet coughing, stimulate digestion,
and tone the stomach.
EPHEDRA (Ma Huang)
Ephedra sinica
PERENNIAL-ZONES 6-8
SUN
Mature height and width of 3 feet
Ma huang is a powerful stimulant herb containing the alkaloid
ephedrine, the main inspiration for today’s popular over-the-counter
antihistamine drugs. Purified ephedrine is very potent, and the
practice of adding it to diet formulas is potentially dangerous
because ephedrine can raise blood pressure if used over a long
period, and can even cause cardiac arrythmias. However, when used
in its native, non-purified form, the dried herb is much safer and very
popular in traditional Chinese medicine for dispersing conditions
characterized by wind and cold, such as chills, fever, headache,
cough and wheezing. Very hardy; prefers dry, well-drained location
with full sun exposure.
GUM EUCALYPTUS
Eucalyptus globulus
TENDER TREE- ZONES 8-10
SUN – SOME SHADE
(Bluegum) Famous "gum" tree of Australia, and source of eucalyptus oil used in
medicine and perfumery. Also called "bluegum" from the blue tone of the leaves
when the tree is young. It is one of the tallest trees in the world, growing up to 90
m (300ft). But despite its large size outdoors, it is easy to maintain at a
manageable size indoors with occasional pruning. The oil distilled from the
leaves is a powerful antiseptic, especially in the respiratory tract, killing
pathogenic bacteria and reducing mucus secretion and congestion. Cough drops
and sore throat lozenges made with eucalyptus oil are popular and very effective.
When plants are grown indoors oil vapors
released by the leaves help to deodorize the air. In Australia, the flowers provide
the main source of nectar and pollen for the honey bee industry, and the leaves
are one of the preferred foods of the koala bear.
BRONZE FENNEL
Foeniculum vulgare dulce 'Rubrum'
HARDY PERENNIAL-ZONES 5-11
SUN
4 or 5 feet in height, up to 3
feet in width
Popular flavoring for fish, soups, salads and stews. Seeds are effective
against flatulence and are used to treat colicky babies. Long ago it was
thought that fennel hung over a doorway at midsummer would prevent evil
spirits from entering that home for the coming year. In the garden, the
blooms will attract bees and butterflies. Chopped leaves are excellent
with oily fish, such as mackerel and salmon, for they improve
digestibility. Also in soups, salads and stews. Fennel tea is given to
infants for its calming and anti-flatulent effects. Highly decorative form of
fennel with bronze-red, lacy foliage.
FEVERFEW (WILD)
Tanacetum parthenium
HARDY PERENNIAL-ZONE 5-9
SUN
height of 24” and 18” wide.
A medical survey in England indicates that 1 to 4 leaves of
feverfew infused in a tea or eaten in a sandwich daily
reduce the number and severity of migraine attacks in some
sufferers. It even has pleasant side effects including a sense
of well-being, lack of tension and relief from arthritis.
Approx. 0.4% parthenolide.
FO-TI
Polygonum multiflorum
TENDER PERENNIAL –ZONES 7B-9
SUN PART SHADE
VINE
Legendary Oriental Elixir of Life said to possess fantastic
rejuvenating properties. Some believe fo-ti was used by a
certain Professor Li Chung Yun who lived to the ripe old age of
256! So the story goes, early in life Li developed the penchant
for taking a daily concoction containing the elixir of life. He is
said to have outlived 23 wives, and left behind 11 generations
of descendents when he died in 1933. Virility- and longevity-
promoting prowess aside, fo-ti is one of the most widely used
tonic herbs in traditional Chinese medicine. Roots are used to
restore blood, liver and kidneys, and is prescribed for
conditions as varied as vertigo, insomnia, lumbago, and
constipation. Recent evidence shows it to be effective against
high blood pressure and hardening of the veins and arteries.