Jaanine Glascock
2019 Quail Hollow Farm
5285 Highland Ridge Rd.
Berkeley Springs, WV 25411
304-258-0584
HERBS "D - E - F"
DUSTY MILLER
Senecio cineraria
TENDER PERENNIAL- ZONES 7-11
SUN
Height: Under 6 inches to 3 feet. Width:
To 2 feet wide.
Dusty Miller is very easy to grow. Silver-white
foliage is popular for grey gardens.  The sterilized
or freshly-squeezed juice of cineraria has been
used for cataracts and conjunctivitis (pink eye) to
expedite healing. A few drops of the juice were
placed into the eye several times daily.
ECHINACEA
(CONEFLOWER)
HARDY PERENNIAL-ZONE 3-10
FULL SUN
Height: 1 to 3 feet. Width: 1-2 feet
NATIVE PLANT
Echinacea is now a household name and preparations
made from it are found in every corner pharmacy. It is
truly
the queen of medicinal herbs because it not only helps the
body fight off disease by boosting the immune system, it
is one of the showiest perennial herbs in the garden.
EDELWEISS
Leontopodium alpinum
HARDY PERENNIAL-ZONES 5-9
SUN
Height: 8 in. Width 9 in.
No plant symbolizes the alpine regions of Europe quite like
the edelweiss. But edelweiss has important medicinal and
cosmetic uses, and is now grown as a cultivated crop in
Europe for those purposes. Traditionally, it was used as a tea
to treat diarrhea and dysentery, and cooked in milk with
honey and butter it was used to treat respiratory problems
including tuberculosis.
But in the future it is expected that the cosmetic industry will employ edelweiss to neutralize free radicals and prevent the
formation of superoxides — compounds associated with the signs of aging such as wrinkles. Due to its bioflavonoid
content, the herb also strengthens the walls of capillaries and veins and can be used to treat varicose veins, hemorrhoids,
and other vascular problems associated with aging. Has exciting commercial potential.
ELECAMPANE
Inula helenium
HARDY PERENNIAL-ZONES 3-8
FULL SUN
VERY LARGE PLANT- 4 to 5 feet in height.
A striking and handsome plant. The stout erect stem
grows
from 4 to 5 feet high, is very stout and the flowers are
bright
yellow, in very large, terminal heads, 3 to 4 inches in
diameter, on long stalks, resembling a double sunflower.
Dried root preparations quiet coughing, stimulate
digestion,
and tone the stomach.
EPHEDRA (Ma Huang)
Ephedra sinica
PERENNIAL-ZONES 6-8
SUN
Mature height and width of 3 feet
Ma huang is a powerful stimulant herb containing the alkaloid
ephedrine, the main inspiration for today’s popular over-the-
counter antihistamine drugs. Purified ephedrine is very
potent, and the practice of adding it to diet formulas is
potentially dangerous because ephedrine can raise blood
pressure if used over a long period, and can even cause
cardiac arrythmias. However, when used in its native, non-
purified form, the dried herb is much safer and very popular
in traditional Chinese medicine for dispersing conditions
characterized by wind and cold, such as chills, fever,
headache, cough and wheezing. Very hardy; prefers dry, well-
drained location with full sun exposure.
BRONZE FENNEL
Foeniculum vulgare dulce 'Rubrum'
HARDY PERENNIAL-ZONES 5-11
SUN
4 or 5 feet in height, up to 3
feet in width
Popular flavoring for fish, soups, salads and stews. Seeds are
effective against flatulence and are used to treat colicky
babies. Long ago it was thought that fennel hung over a
doorway at midsummer would prevent evil spirits from
entering that home for the coming year. In the garden, the
blooms will attract bees and butterflies. Chopped leaves are
excellent with oily fish, such as mackerel and salmon, for they
improve digestibility. Also in soups, salads and stews. Fennel
tea is given to infants for its calming and anti-flatulent effects.
Highly decorative form of fennel with bronze-red, lacy foliage.
FEVERFEW
Tanacetum parthenium
HARDY PERENNIAL-ZONE 5-9
SUN
height of 24” and 18” wide.
A medical survey in England indicates that 1 to
4 leaves of feverfew infused in a tea or eaten in
a sandwich daily
reduce the number and severity of migraine
attacks in some sufferers. It even has pleasant
side effects including a sense of well-being,
lack of tension and relief from arthritis.
Approx. 0.4% parthenolide.
FO-TI
Polygonum multiflorum
TENDER PERENNIAL –ZONES 7B-9
SUN PART SHADE
VINE
Legendary Oriental Elixir of Life said to possess
fantastic rejuvenating properties. Some believe fo-
ti was used by a certain Professor Li Chung Yun
who lived to the ripe old age of 256! So the story
goes, early in life Li developed the penchant for
taking a daily concoction containing the elixir of
life. He is said to have outlived 23 wives, and left
behind 11 generations of descendents when he
died in 1933. Virility- and longevity-promoting
prowess aside, fo-ti is one of the most widely used
tonic herbs in traditional Chinese medicine. Roots
are used to restore blood, liver and kidneys, and is
prescribed for conditions as varied as vertigo,
insomnia, lumbago, and constipation. Recent
evidence shows it to be effective against high
blood pressure and hardening of the veins and
arteries.
DIANTHUS 'CORAL REEF'
HARDY PERENNIAL – ZONES 5-9
SUN
Height:8 Inches-Spread:12 Inches
Coral Reef displays delicately ruffled double
blossoms of rich coral pink highlighted with sea
foam white picoteed edges, providing color in
mid to late spring.Dianthus health benefits are
many when it comes to promoting bladder and
urinary tract health.
DEER RESISTANT & ATTRACTS
BUTTERFLIES
DIANTHUS “WICKED WITCH”
Dianthus gratianopolitanus 'Wicked Witch'
HARDY PERENNIAL-ZONES 3-9
SUN
Height:8 Inches-Spread:12 Inches
Fragrant, deep magenta flowers on wiry stems
above compact mounds of blue-gray foliage,
providing color in mid to late springDianthus
health benefits are many when it comes to
promoting bladder and urinary tract health.
DEER RESISTANT & ATTRACTS
BUTTERFLIES
'ASCOT PAINBOW' EUPHORBIA
(SPURGE)
Euphorbia x martinii 'Ascot Rainbow'
HARDY PERENNIAL – ZONES 5-9
SUN
Reaches 18 to 20 in. tall and wide.
Elegant form covered with striking sage and lime
green foliage edged in an attractive yellow border
that turns pink-flushed or peachy-salmon in colder
months.
The parts of the plant that grow above the ground
are used to make medicine. Euphorbia is used for
breathing disorders including asthma, bronchitis,
and chest congestion. It is also used for mucus in
the nose and throat, throat spasms, hay fever, and
tumors. A heat-tolerant, fuss-free choice for
containers, mixed beds, with low water needs.
DRAGON FRUIT CACTUS
(Night Blooming Cereus)
Hylocereus Undatus
TENDER PERENNIAL
A vine-like climbing cactus with flowers that  bloom
overnight and usually wilt by the morning. They rely on
nocturnal pollinators such as bats or moths for
fertilization. A second plant is needed to insure
fertilization. However, the plants can flower between
three and six times in a year depending on growing
conditions. Like other cacti, if a healthy piece of the stem
is broken off, it may take root in soil and become its own
plant. The dragon fruit sets 30–50 days after flowering
and can sometimes have 5-6 cycles of harvests per year.
The night blooming cereus may very well seem unruly,
but it is certainly not without redeeming value. Not only
does it produce a magnificent flower
and delicious fruit, but it also has important medicinal
qualities. It can be a potent heart medicine.
GLORIOSA DAISY
Rudbeckia hirta
HARDY PERENNIAL-ZONES 3-8
SUN
12-36 inches tall
This deer-resistant variety adds rich,
gorgeous color to the summer and fall
garden. A perennial form of the native
Black-Eyed Susan, the giant, bi-color  
flowers ignite the garden year after year
and are extremely easy to grow. Native
Gloriosa Daisies grow to be 12-36” tall and
tolerate partial shade. The unique blooms
make for gorgeous summer bouquets.A
juice extracted from the roots has been
used to treat an earache. An infusion or tea
made from the roots was applied topically
as an herbal remedy for minor cuts, sores,
scrapes, and swellings.
FALSE INDIGO
Baptisia australis
HARDY PERENNIAL-ZONES 3-9
SUN – PART SHADE
NATIVE PLANT
3 to 4 feet tall by 3 to 4 feet wide
Showy American native with blue-
violet flowerspikes and majestic,
upright growth habit. Used by
Amerindians as a purgative, emetic,
and anti-inflammatory. Under study
as a potential booster of the immune
system.
SILVER DOLLAR EUCALYPTUS
Eucalyptus
TENDER TREE- ZONES 8-10
SUN – SOME SHADE
Native to Australia, silver dollar tree is a broadleaf
evergreen tree that will grow as a single trunk tree to 25-ft.
tall in its native habitat, but can be easily pruned to
manageable size.
The main medicinal ingredient in the eucalyptus essential oil
is eucalyptol. It has strong disinfectant properties, and can
be used as a germicide. It is also believed to help with
exhaustion and mental fatigue.
Cough drops and sore throat lozenges made with
eucalyptus oil are popular and very effective. When plants
are grown indoors oil vapors released by the leaves help to
deodorize the air.
LIST OF HERBS:  A  B  C  D-E-F  I-J-K-L  M-N  O-P  Q-R-S  T--Z
JAPANESE PAINTED FERN
Athyrium nipponicum Metallicum
HARDY PERENNIAL – ZONES 5-8
SHADE
Height: 1 to 3 feet. Width: 1-2 feet
Dramatic foliage is a standout in the shade garden.
The dark, blue green central rib of each frond fades to
silver at the edges. Short habit and spreading form is
excellent as foreground foliage and ideal for pots. A
deciduous fern with a weeping habit. 2004 Perennial
Plant of the Year.
PHOTO SOON